It has been a publicly stated goal of the Department of Homeland Security to sign up 25 million members of the PreCheck and Global Entry prescreening programs. A big number, with a big payoff.

Increasing the numbers of travelers routed through the expedited screening lines would have multifold benefits. Most obviously, the prescreened flyers themselves would spend less time passing through the security checkpoints. Non-PreCheck passengers would benefit as well, from shorter lines. Airlines, burdened with reaccommodating thousands of delayed travelers who missed their flights, would also be delighted to see the checkpoint congestion eased.

Less stress. Fewer missed flights. Less time wasted in long lines. There's plenty to recommend increasing the numbers of pre-cleared flyers. And yet, as of earlier this year, a paltry 2.5 million had been signed up.

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A study conducted by the U.S. Travel Association found that the most significant disincentive to signing up for PreCheck is the $85 fee. Justifiable or not, the price is widely perceived to be too high. Accordingly, the USTA recommended that the DHS lower its price and simplify the application process.

A more radical proposal for increasing PreCheck enrollment was recently advanced by a professor of computer science at the University of Illinois, Sheldon Jacobson. Jacobson contends that making PreCheck free would not only increase enrollment, with its associated benefits, it would also result in a net savings for the Transportation Security Administration.

While that contention might elicit skepticism, his argument is straightforward. Waiving the enrollment fee for 25 million travelers who fly six or more roundtrips per year would save the TSA more money in labor and equipment ($459 million a year) than it would earn from the $85 fees ($425 million a year). Less revenue, but an even greater decrease in expenses, for a net gain of $34 million.

The complicating factor, of course, would be limiting the fee waiver to high-frequency flyers. But with a potential annual savings of tens of millions of dollars, that's a problem worth solving.

More from SmarterTravel:

Read the original story: The Case for Making PreCheck Free by Tim Winship, who is a regular contributor to SmarterTravel.

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